What Is Angina Disease?
Angina is a type of chest pain, also known as Pectoris. It a caused by a lack of blood flow to the heart. It is also a symptom of coronary artery disease.
It is seen as a squeeze, pressure, heaviness, tightness or pain in the chest. Angina can be a new or recurring pain that need to be checked by a doctor.
Cause Of Angina
- Stable Angina :- Other factors such as your physical activity, emotional stress, cold temperatures, heavy food and smoking can cause the arteries to narrow and the blood cannot reach your heart, called stable angina.
- Unstable Angina :- If for some reason your blood vessel rupture or a blood clot begins to accumulate fatty plaques. Its causing the artery to become narrowed or blocked. Which does not allow blood to reach your heart. It causes high cholesterol and heart disease. This condition is called unstable angina.
- Prinzmetal’s Angina :- Emotional stress, smoking, intake of certain certain migraine drugs and the illicit drug cocaine cause sudden spasms in your coronary artery, which temporarily narrow the artery. This reduces blood flow to the heart, causing severe chest pain. This condition is called prinzmetal’s angina. It usually attacks in bunches at night.
Symptoms Of Angina
Some of the following symptoms of angina are seen.
- Chest pain or discomfort such as -Pressure, burning sensation and squeeze.
- Pain in back, jaw, neck, arms and shoulders.
- Difficulty in breathing.
- To sweat
- To be tired
If you also see such symptoms then get your doctor checked immediately. It can also be an advance notice of a heart attack.
Angina symptoms in women
In addition to the above symptoms angina symptoms in women differ somewhat from men.
- Abdominal pain
- Stabbing pain instead of chest pressure.
- Discomfort in the neck, jaw or back.
- Shortness of breath.
Risk Factor Of Angina
Angina has the following risk factors:-
- Tobacco or smoking intake.
- Physical inactivity.
- High blood pressure.
- High cholesterol or triglyceride.
- Older age
- Family history of heart disease.
Prevention Of Angina
The best way to prevent angina is to incorporate some changes in your lifestyle.
- Quitting or limiting your smoking & tobacco habit.
- Also controlling your other disease like – High blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.
- Healthy dietary intake.
- Maintaining a healthy weight. and
- Increase your physical activity.