Does Anxiety Cause Heart Problems?

When a person gets problems in life or work or at school, or while taking a big decision he/she often experiences an emotion. Anxiety is this normal human emotion. Sometimes a person who’s depressed and stressed is likely to have Anxiety Cause Heart Problems.

There are several kinds of anxiety disorders which are panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, phobias, and many more. People who have anxiety disorders tend to have their heart rate fluctuate. This causes high blood pressure, rhythm disturbance, and heart attack. Stress promotes inflammation. This damages the linings of the arteries and boosts the build-up of coronary plaque. 

A depressed person always has a lack of energy which makes him unable to have a healthy life and eat healthy foods. This results in the consumption of fast foods, smoking, alcohol, overeating and leads to cause heart-related problems. Long-term anxiety of stress increases the chances of sudden cardiac death. Stress and anxiety produce a high amount of cortisol in your body.

A high level of cortisol increases blood sugar, blood cholesterol, triglycerides, and blood pressure. Minor stress can also cause heart problems. Your heart will not get enough oxygen and you may come across serious heart issues. Treating anxiety will also help boost the health of your heart. 

Some Heart Problems Caused By Anxiety

Heart Attack

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy a kind of heart attack is another term for broken heart syndrome. In women, there are other causes for a heart attack. Some of them are smoking, consumption of alcohol, diabetes, inactivity, etc. During stressful situations, our body produces hormones like cortisol and adrenaline and help us to cope with the situation.

These hormones also increase heart rate which results in a heart attack. While having a heart attack you may feel chest pain, palpitations, fast heart rate, and shortness of breath. Heart attack falls under the category of Anxiety Cause Heart Problems. Greif from loved one’s death, bad news, intense fear causes anxiety and sometimes heart attack. Two important symptoms of heart attack are severe chest pain (angina) and problem in breathing.

Other than these you may also experience irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias) and low blood pressure. With these, you will also experience dizziness, fatigue, sweating, nausea, heartburn, or vomiting. A kind of therapy good for people who are prone to have a heart attack due to depression in cardiac rehabilitation. Sometimes therapies for anxiety disorder will also help. 

Rapid Heart Rate (tachycardia)

When a person starts having an anxiety attack his heart rate starts increasing at a rapid rate. A heart rate over 100 beats per minute is tachycardia. This mainly happens when you experience any kind of anxiety attack or serious mental health problems. Other than sudden stress and fight there are also some other causes of tachycardia or rapid heart rate. Which are drinking an excessive amount of alcohol, smoking, using stimulants, doing drugs and cocaine, heavy exercise, imbalance of electrolytes, etc.

There are different types of tachycardia.

  • Atrial fibrillation.
  • Atrial flutter.
  • Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT).
  • Ventricular tachycardia.
  • Ventricular fibrillation.

While experiencing tachycardia you may come along with few symptoms. Some of the symptoms are light-headedness, shortness of breath, fast pulse rate, chest pain, and heart palpitation. Sometimes person having a tachycardia may also faint without any former warning. Avoiding unnecessary stress and anxiety will help you in coping up with these heart diseases. Following a plan to keep your anxiety away and taking prescribed medicine will help you. Try to calm down your anxious heart through various therapies, meditation, and counseling.

High Blood Pressure

Stressful situations tend to increase your blood pressure very rapidly and cause long-term high blood pressure. While you are in a stressful situation, your body produces hormones that instantly increase your blood pressure level. These hormones also cause your heart to beat faster and narrows down your blood vessels. Anxiety itself doesn’t cause high blood pressure.

While you are going through stress you urge for smoking and drink. Along with these you also start eating unhealthy foods. Other than increasing your blood pressure stress also causes problems like depression, headaches, heart palpitations, body aches, diarrhea, and insomnia. If you leave your blood pressure problem untreated it may cause another harmful cardiac disease like a heart attack or stroke. There are various ways to keep your blood pressure at a normal level and reduce stress.

The only way to keep your blood pressure low is by reducing stress. To reduce stress, you need to follow some easy steps like working out regularly, reducing consumption of caffeine, laugh more often, talk to people you love, and many more. Also, stress cannot be the only problem for high blood pressure. Other problems like heavy consumption of alcohol, smoking, etc. cause high blood pressure. 

Heart Palpitations

Anxiety causes mental and physical reactions in stressful situations, including palpitations. When a person feels anxious, it activates a fight or flight response, which increases their heart rate. During an anxiety attack, a person’s heart feels like it’s running or beating. It also increases the blood flow which provides you a ton of energy for fighting or running from the danger.

Heart palpitation also occurs due to increased heart rate. Your heart will feel racing, pounding, and fluttering while having a heart palpitation. Some of the symptoms are sweating, rapid breathing, gastrointestinal problems, feeling tired, trembling, and muscle tension. Some of the causes of palpation are too much consumption of alcohol and caffeine, intake of chocolate, taking random medications such as diet pills, having medical conditions like thyroid and low blood sugar, taking herbal and nutritional supplements, abnormal electrolytes levels, etc.

Some of the ways to diagnose heart palpation are electrocardiogram, Holter monitoring, chest X-ray, and event recording. Also, doing yoga, meditation, deep breathing exercise, tai chi, aromatherapy, and other relaxation exercises will help in coping up with Anxiety Cause Heart Problems like heart palpitation. Also lowering down the consumption of beverages like alcohol, caffeine, and drugs and nicotine will help with this heart problem.

Conclusion:

Managing stress can become very much hard but you also have to take care of Anxiety Cause Heart Problems. Take a deep and slow breath every minute to keep your body relax. Simplify your schedule and don’t put words that are very much hard for you to execute. Workout every day. Exercise can boost your mental health as well as your heart health. Consult your doctor before starting a new exercise routine if you have the problem of high blood pressure. Also, try relaxing exercises like yoga, meditation, etc. Do not compromise your sleep and take a break if you feel congested. Follow some of these tips and you can treat your stress and anxiety. 

FAQ

How do I know If I have a heart problem or anxiety?

Anxiety and heart problems have very similar symptoms. There is a very fine line of difference between anxiety and heart problems. Both cause chest pain. Chest pain of anxiety is very particular to a place and sharper. Whereas chest pain due to heart problems is very dull and radiates more. Anxiety attack takes place to form any mental disorder but a physical cause. Moreover, unlike a heart attack, an anxiety attack causes vomiting. Heart attack pain occurs in the back or shoulder. Whereas anxiety pain doesn’t occur. People who never had any issues with their heart or any kind of anxiety problem have a chance of getting a heart or anxiety attack. 

What is cardiac anxiety?

Cardiophobia is another name for cardiac anxiety. Some of the symptoms of cardiophobia are chest pain, heart palpitation and some other somatic sensation, shortness of breath, stomach discomfort, dizziness, and many more. This kind of anxiety occurs when you have a fear of having a heart attack or dying. Relaxation exercise, meditation helps to treat cardiophobia. All you need is to calm your heart in a hard situation and stay relaxed. 

What can a heart patient take for anxiety?

In people with heart disease, depression can more often lead to heart attack, stroke, and chest pain than smoking, high blood pressure, or even diabetes. SSRIs such as Celexa, Prozac, and Zoloft are thought to improve mood by preventing nerve cells from reabsorbing serotonin, thereby increasing the number of neurotransmitters in the brain.

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