Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital Heart Disease, which we also know as Congenital heart anomaly and a congenital heart defect. It is an abnormality of the heart present since birth.


Although there are many different types of Congenital heart disease or defects, they are divided into three main categories.

  1. Heart value defects: This includes values inside the heart that are unable to pump blood properly by directly closing or leaking blood flow.
  2. Defects of the heart wall: In this, natural wall between the four chambers of the heart do not develop properly, can result in high blood pressure.
  3. Blood vessel defects: In this, the arteries and veins that carry blood to the heart and body are blocked.

Cause Of Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital heart defects or early developmental problems in the structure of the heart, usually do not allow the normal flow of blood through the heart, which can affect your breathing. However, researchers do not have a definitive basis for this reason.

Some of the suspected causes are the following.

  1. Family history of heart defects.
  2. Consumption of some illegal drugs during pregnancy.
  3. Pregnant viral infection during the first trimester of pregnancy.
  4. Increased blood sugar level of diabetes in childhood.

Doctors and researchers believe that the above cause increases the chance of Congenital heart defect in children.


Congenital heart defects can often be found during pregnancy ultrasounds. For example, if your doctor hears an abnormal heartbeat, they may investigate further. But in some cases, the symptoms of congenital heart defects may not appear until sometime after birth.

Here are some symptoms of congenital heart defects.

  1. Loss of baby weight at birth
  2. Chest pain
  3. Delay in child development
  4. Children’s lips, skin, hand, fingers and feet fingers turn blue.
  5. Abnormal heart rhythm
  6. To be tired
  7. Fainting dizziness
  8. Swelling.

Risk Factors 

Congenital heart defects can be caused by certain environmental and genetic risk factors in your child.


  1. German measles (Rubella)
  2. Trisomy 21 (genetic syndrome)
  3. Smoking during pregnancy.
  4. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy
  5.  Gestational diabetes
  6. Medications


If you are pregnant, then the following advice for the prevention of Congenital heart disease can help reduce its risk.

  1. Avoid drinking alcohol or taking medicines.
  2. Get vaccinated against rubella or and influenza during pregnancy.
  3. Take 400 micro grams of folic acid supplement daily during the first trimester of your pregnancy.
  4. Control your diabetes.
  5. Avoid exposure to organic solvents. Such as – dry cleaning, paint thinner and nail polish remove during pregnancy.
  6. Before taking any medicines during pregnancy, check with your doctor or pharmacist.
  7. Avoid infected person or infections.

Leave a Comment