Diabetes And Heart Failure | How Diabetes And Heart Failure Are Interrelated?

Having control over blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels in a diabetic patient is very fundamental for heart problems. Heart disease can be prevented by exercising. As diabetes progresses, a person gets heart failure. This is because there is a strong connection between Diabetes And Heart Failure.

Both Diabetes And Heart Failure are caused by an increase in BP, cholesterol, and obesity. Therefore, if diabetes is not monitored and taken proper care of in time, then heart disease is sure to happen.

As per the record of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, heart disease and stroke are the major causes of death in people with diabetes. It would be surprising to know, but people with diabetes are two to four times more likely to die of heart disease than people without diabetes.

That’s because high blood sugar levels in people with diabetes can damage blood vessels, increase inflammation and obstruct the normal flow of blood to the heart. Due to which the chances of heart failure increase. So let us know in this article what is the special connection between Diabetes And Heart Failure and how diabetes affects the heart.

What is the connection between diabetes and the heart?

According to the American Heart Association, people with diabetes are two to four times more likely to die from heart disease than those without diabetes. Let us tell you that there are many risks associated with heart disease in diabetic patients

such as:

  • High blood pressure: The American Heart Association states that a person with both high BP and diabetes has twice the risk of developing heart disease.
  • Unhealthy Cholesterol and Triglyceride Levels: This leads to a build-up of plaque in the arteries. Also, insulin is a major component in boosting resistance.
  • BMI over 30: In people who have both diabetes and obesity, losing weight may reduce cardiovascular risk.
  • Eating Unhealthy Foods: Diets high in sugar, salt, saturated and trans fats, and processed foods are linked to heart disease and diabetes.

How does diabetes affect the heart?

High sugar levels in the blood of people with severe diabetes over time begin to damage blood vessels. It also has the potential to damage nerves throughout the body. Some studies suggest that high blood sugar is responsible for increasing inflammation in blood vessels and blocking blood flow to the heart.

Then prolonged inflammation in the arteries leads to a build-up of cholesterol and the plague. This says that the heart has to function harder to pump blood. In this way, a person with uncontrolled diabetes is at increased risk of heart disease.

How can you take care of a heart with diabetes?

According to doctors, a healthy diet is essential to control blood sugar. A person should consume fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and low-fat milk. Although medicine also works well in this case. In many tests, diabetes drugs have been revealed to lower the danger of heart disease and stroke.

The American Diabetes Association recommends doctors prescribe sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors to patients with type 2 diabetes. Along with this, a doctor may recommend medication such as aspirin to lower the risk of blood pressure, lower cholesterol, and prevent blood clots.

Tingling in the hands and feet of diabetic patients is a symptom of this disease, do this work to avoid;

  •  Do 150 minutes of aerobics: 150 minutes of aerobic exercise should be done every week for overall cardiovascular health. Apart from this, you can also do cycling, brisk walking, swimming laps, and running. People who have heart disease with diabetes should look for a better option like Pilates twice a week to strengthen the muscles of the body.

This is how diabetic patients avoid heart disease

Diabetes is one of the main reasons for the increasing number of heart diseases as there is a direct relationship between the two. Patients suffering from diabetes are two to four times more likely to have heart disease than the general population.

The number of such sufferers is continuously increasing day by day. Diabetes is rapidly taking the form of an epidemic in India.  Diabetes is one of the main reasons for the increasing number of heart diseases as there is a direct relationship between the two.

Causes of heart diseases

An irregular lifestyle increases the risk of diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. This increases the risk of heart diseases and early death. Due to stress in big cities, the number of such patients is increasing continuously.

  • Less exercise
  • lack of sleep
  • Untimely and improper diet.
  • Consuming excessive trans fats, salt, and sugar in food
  • Drinking less water
  • Smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Lack of oxygen

To understand Diabetes And Heart Failure, it is important to know that a heart attack occurs when fat particles (plaques) accumulate in the blood arteries and block them and stop getting blood and oxygen to the heart.

The excessive sugar present in the blood due to the lack of insulin causes the onset of diabetes and coronary atherosclerosis. Gradually the plaque shrinks the blood vessels. This prevents oxygenated blood from reaching the heart muscle and can lead to a heart attack.

Pay Attention To These Things in Diabetes And Heart Disease

The higher a person’s blood sugar, the higher the risk of heart diseases. People suffering from diabetes should get the necessary tests done as prescribed by the doctor to avoid blood sugar and heart attack and you can follow Heart Healthy Diet.

After the age of 30-35, get a blood test done at least once a year as per the direction of the doctor or specialist. Due to this, early treatment of diseases is done by detecting the diseases at an early stage.

With proper diet, exercise, 8-9 hours of sleep, and regular use of medicines, diabetic hearts can be kept healthy. If diabetic patients have difficulty in breathing, then consult a cardiologist.

What should you do to prevent diabetes and heart disease?

After the age of 30-35, all women and men must have a blood check-up at least once every year as per the instructions of the doctor or specialist. This makes the treatment quick and effective by detecting the diseases at an early stage. The chances of Diabetes And Heart Failure can be reduced to a great extent by proper diet, exercise, staying away from stress, getting 8-9 hours of sleep, and keeping weight under control.

It is very important to make changes in your lifestyle to reduce Diabetes And Heart Failure.  Try to keep yourself healthy even before any disease knocks. Take a nutritious diet and exercise daily, if you are not able to exercise, then walk (walk) and consult a doctor with all this.

Conclusion

There is a strong link between Diabetes And Heart Failure. Over time, high blood sugar disorder can harm the blood vessels that regulate the heart. Patients suffering from diabetes can reduce their risk of heart disease to a great extent by losing weight, increasing physical activity, eating fresh and healthy food, and taking prescribed medicines. Hope you liked this article written on Diabetes And Heart Disease. You must tell us in the comment box and if you have any questions then you can also ask us.

FAQ

How can you reduce the risk of stroke and heart disease if you have diabetes?

In such a situation, first of all, it is necessary to control diabetes. what should be done:
1. Pay attention to diet and eat nutritious food.
2. Keep checking the diabetes level.
3. Drink plenty of water.
4. Eat food on time and make it a habit to eat once in a while.
5. Take proper sleep of 7 to 8 hours.
6. Do exercise.

What are the symptoms of worsening heart failure? 

1. Shortness of breath
2. Dizziness or lightheaded
3. Weight gain
4. Swelling in the arms, feet, hands, or abdomen
5. Cough or chest congestion
6. Increasing fatigue
7. A loss of appetite or nausea
8. A feeling of fullness or bloating
9. Confusion or restlessness

What percentage of patients with diabetes have heart failure?

Heart failure is highly common (25 % in persistent heart failure and up to 40 % in acute heart failure) in sufferers with diabetes mellitus. Its majority is four times higher than that of the common population, proposing a pathogenetic function of diabetes in heart failure.

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