Major organs that could be greatly affected by COVID-19? Majority of People afraid that What Are the Long-Term Effects Of Covid-19 on our health?
Can COVID-19 potentially cause any long-term damage to your organs? What are the most common long-term symptoms of COVID-19? In this topic, we are talking about the possible Coronavirus Long-Term Effects on the body.
However, these lingering symptoms can actually be wreaking havoc on some of our bodies’ most crucial organs. So which organs are at increased risk of long-term health problems?
What Are The Long-Term Effects Of Covid-19?
- Lungs: Many COVID-19 patients who have contracted the disease have developed life-threatening lung injury, also known as acute respiratory distress syndrome. Some individuals who have recovered from COVID-19 may experience scarring in their lungs from the aggressive respiratory virus and what’s worse is those lingering effects may not be completely reversible.
Even individuals who overcome milder cases of COVID-19 may experience diminished lung function that could persist for a lifetime. In other words, things like decreased exercise capacity that leave a person short of breath. Doctors out of Hong Kong have reported that COVID-19 survivors had a 20-30% drop in lung function after recovery. In such cases, cardiopulmonary rehab may help in rebuilding the strength and capacity of the lungs, although an individual’s lung function may not return completely back to normal.
- Heart: Patients with severe cases of COVID-19 can also develop inflammation of the heart muscle, also known as myocarditis. A study out of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University reported that about 20% of patients with COVID-19 in China had heart damage during hospitalization. Another study discovered about 16% of patients developed an arrhythmia, Or funny heart rhythm or abnormal heart rhythm, while other reports indicated cases of acute onset heart failure, heart attack, and cardiac arrest after coronavirus infection.
- Organ: Organ that could be potentially affected Long-Term Effects Of Covid-19? The kidneys. Kidney abnormalities have been seen in 25-50% of patients who develop the severe type of the disease, according to the International Society of Nephrology. When patients with severe COVID-19 go into intensive care, up to half have kidney failure that requires some form of dialysis.
Dialysis is a treatment for kidney failure that rids your body of unwanted toxins, waste products, and excess fluids by filtering your blood. When kidneys fail, your body may have difficulty cleaning your own blood and keeping your system chemically balanced. We often see these patients have more protein and red blood cells in their urine, and about 15% of them also develop a decline in infiltration function.
There are several theories as to why the coronavirus may be directly attacking the kidneys in severe cases. Perhaps is it a blood clot damaging them? Or that the kidneys aren’t getting enough oxygen during the illness? Many researchers still have a lot of work to do to figure out why the kidneys can be so greatly affected by severe COVID-19.
- Brain: When we see a patient discharged from the hospital after suffering from COVID-19, oftentimes patients struggle to think as clearly as they did before they had the virus. Possible causes include not getting enough oxygen or blood to the brain, or the medications used to sedate them while being treated could be a culprit.
A study published in Neurology: Clinical Practice in December 2020 found that COVID-19 may lead to a number of neurological complications. Researchers analyzed data from 921 adults at Boston Medical Center earlier last year. Of these, 74 had both tested positive for COVID and needed to be examined by a neurologist for complications, including strokes, seizures, and movement disorders.
An additional study published found a high incidence of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis among COVID-19 patients. What this means is the condition damages white brain matter, which may lead to possible vision loss, weakness to the point of paralysis, and difficulty coordinating muscle movements. Other coronaviruses that affect humans can invade the central nervous system as well, so it makes sense that COVID-19 may possibly have neurological manifestations as well.
It is important to remember that most people who have COVID-19 recover quickly, but that is not the case for every single patient out there. Much is still unknown about how COVID-19 will affect individuals over time. The Potential Long-Term Effects Of Covid-19 make it even more important to reduce the spread of the disease by following precautions such as wearing masks, avoiding crowds, and keeping hands clean.
What is the reason Covid-19 can potentially affect the heart so much?
Viral illnesses can destabilize plaque in the arteries, potentially resulting in a blockage and putting patients at risk of a heart attack, blood clots, or strokes. And unfortunately, sometimes these patients who experience heart conditions initially brought on by Covid-19 don’t fully recover by the time they’re discharged from the hospital.