Mastectomy Archives - E-Health Online

Symptoms of paget disease of breast cancer

Symptoms of paget disease of breast cancer

This is the most important less common part of cancer. In this topic we know about Symptoms of Paget Disease Of Breast Cancer.

  • A lump in the breast
  • Thickening skin on the breast
  • Inwarded nipple
  • Bloody nipple discharge
  • Redness and itching on the breast
  • Breast skin looks like orange peels
  • Shown eczema like on the nipple and areola both
  • Scaly skin on the nipple

Cause of paget disease of breast cancer

Paget disease of breast cancer is the most widely accepted theory is that the disease results from an underlying ductal breast cancer when cancer cell travel through milk dust to the nipple.

This cells are the original tumor cells. That spread around the nipple. An another theory is about paget disease can develop independently in the nipple.

Test and treatment

  1. Biopsy

   a. Surface biopsy

   b. Shave biopsy

   c. Punch biopsy

   d. Wedge biopsy

   e. Removing nipple

  1. Imaging test

a. Mammogram

b.Breast MRI

c. Breast ultrasound

  1. Mastectomy
  2. Lumpectomy
  3. Radiation therapy
  4. Chemo therapy
  5. Hormonal therapy

a. Hormone receptor ( HR ) test

b. Selective estrogen receptor modulator ( SERM )

c. Aromatase inhibitor ( AI )

Symptoms Of Phyllodes Tumor / Cause / Treatment

Symptoms Of Phyllodes Tumor

This is the most important less common part of cancer. In this topic we know about Symptoms Of Phyllodes Tumor.

  • A lump on the breast
  • Varying size of breast as normal size of breast
  • Tumor or lumps usually not painful
  • When breast touching or pushing that areola can breast skin will be blue

Cause Of Phyllodes Tumor

Phyllodes tumor may caused by several factors

If you have any injury on your breast. Breast feeding is also a may cause of phyllodes tumor.

During pregnancy may occur this disease.

It also may be increased levels of estrogen or a female hormone.

Test and treatment

  1. Imagining

   a. Mammogram

   b. ultrasound

   c. MRI scan

   d. biopsy

  1. Lumpectomy
  1. Mastectomy

a. Partial mastectomy

b. Total mastectomy

  1. Radiation
  1. Chemo therapy

Symptoms Of Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC)

Symptoms Of Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC)

In this topic we know about Symptoms Of Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC) / Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC).

  • Nipple pain or the nipple turning inward .
  • Nipple discharge.
  • Lump in the breast.
  • Thickening of the breast skin.
  • Rash and redness of the breast.
  • Dimpling around on the breast areola.
  • Swelling in one breast.
  • Lumps in the armpit.

Cause Of Symptoms Of Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

The reason for this is not very clean, but researches believe that believe that uncontrolled growth of milk producing cells is one of the reasons.

The result is accumulation of excess cells that can from a mass, or tumor and potentially spread to nearby lymph nodes and apart areas of the body.

The fundamental reason for those cellular changes, However, remains unclear.

Test and Treatment

  1. Surgery
  1. Chemo therapy
  • Adjuvant therapy
  • Neo adjuvant therapy
  1. Radiation therapy
  • External bean radiation
  • Internal partial – breast irradiation or Brachy Therapy
  • External partial – breast irradiation
  1. Hormonal therapy / anti estrogen therapy
  • Selective estrogen – receptor response modulators (SERMS)
  • Aromotase inhibitor
  • Estrogen – receptor down regulators (ERDS)
  • Ovarian shutdown or removal
  1. Targeted therapy
  • HER 2 inhibitors drug
  • PARP inhibitors drug
  • DCK 4/6 inhibitors drug
  • PI3K inhibitors drug
  • Herceptin
  • Kadcyla
  • Nerlynx
  • Perjeta
  • Afinitor
  • Enhertu
  • Ibrance
  • Kisqali
  • Lynparza
  • Piqray
  • Talzenna
  • Tykerb
  • Verzenio

Symptoms of Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS)

Symptoms of Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS)

Ductal Carcinoma In Situ is the third part of cancer. Here we know about Symptoms of Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS).

  • Lump in one side breast.
  • Bloody nipple discharge.

Note :-

Generally ductal carcinoma in situ have no symptoms, it is found on mammogram and classifications that have irregular shapes and size.

Cause Of DCIS

Actually It is not clear what cause inflammatory breast cancer . Doctors know that the cause of inflammatory breast cancer is when a breast cell changes its DNA. OR a cell located in one of the most cell duets , that carry breast milk to the nipple .

The DNA of that cell contains instructions that cell a cell what to do. And this changes in DNA tell the breast cell to grow and divide rapidly .

This blockage cause, redness, swollen and dimpled skin when accumulated abnormal cells present obtrusion of lymphatic vessel into the skin of the breast.

Test and Treatment

  1. Brest imaging :-
  • Mammogram
  • Ultrasound
  • Breast biopsy
  1. Removing breast tissue samples for testify :-
  • Core niddle biopsy
  • Ultrasound breast biopsy
  • Stereotactic breast biopsy
  1. Surgery :-
  • Lumpectomy
  • Mastectomy
  1. Radiation therapy :-
  • High energy beams (x-ray or protons)
  • Brachy therapy    
  1. Hormone therapy :-
  • Adjuvant therapy
  1. Clinical trials :-