A simultaneous attack of a group of bacteria called streptococcus pyogenes triggers rheumatic heart disease in the form of a sore throat.
It can easily pass from one person to another like other upper respiratory tract infections. As such, strep infections are most common in childhood And when in some people, repeated strep infections have a bad effect on the immune system, which can cause inflammation and scarring in the value of the heart.
Which is known as rheumatic fever, which causes rheumatic heart disease?
After infections of the throat with the attack of a group of a bacteria called streptococcus, throat strep, rheumatic fever of scarlet fever occur.
These bacteria trick your immune system. And your immune system, which usually targets infection – causing bacteria, attacks its own tissue, particularly the tissues of the heart, joint, skin and central nervous system. The response to which results in inflammation of the tissues it occurs.
If antibiotic treatment and all prescribed medication are taken to eliminate strep bacteria, there is a very low chance of developing rheumatic fever.
If strep throat or scarlet fever occurs one or more times that have not been completely treated, it may develop rheumatic fever.
Symptoms Of Rheumatic Heart Disease
Symptoms of rheumatic fever can be more or less in some.
Its symptoms can also change during the cause of the disease. The disease usually begins about two to four weeks after a strep throat infection.
Symptoms of rheumatic fever may be the following.
- Chest pain
- Heart murmur
- Mild pain or pressing the skin
- Vigorous pain in the knees, ankles, elbows and wrists
- Red, hot and swollen on joints
- To be tired
- Unseal crying or laughing
- Jerky in the hands, feet and face
Risk factor for rheumatic heart disease may be the following :-
- Its greatest risk is associated with congestion, poor hygiene etc, which cause rapid transmission of bacteria.
- If someone in a family has, had rheumatic fever before, there genes are more likely to develop rheumatic fever in the next generation as well.
- Some strep bacteria types are more likely to contribute to rheumatic fever.
Some things should be kept in mind to prevent rheumatic heart disease
- Stay away from sick and infected people.
- Wash hand thoroughly.
- Always keep the mouth covered while sneezing or coughing.