Valvular Disease

Valvular Disease

The human heart has four valves – mitral, tricuspid, aortic and pulmonary. These valves are open and close to take and bring blood in and out of the heart.

Properly functioning valves ensure that blood is following the right time, in the right direction, and with the proper force.

Whereas in heart valve disease, the valves are very narrow and rigid, they are not able to open or close completely.

Heart valve disease can also occur from the time of birth of a person, which is also known as congenital heart disease.

In adults, it is due to infection and other heart problems.

Cause Of Valvular Disease

Some of the following causes of valvular disease may occur.

  1. Heart damage due to heart attack.
  2. Infection associated with endocarditic.
  3. Congenital heart disease.
  4. Rheumatic fever.
  5. Narrowing and hardening of the arteries.
  6. Hypertension or high blood pressure.
  7. Disease of the heart muscle.
  8. Swelling of the large artery.
  9. Having a disorder like lumps.
  10. Syphilis disease.


Symptoms of heart valvular disease can vary greatly and may be moderate or mild depending on the severity of the disorder.

   Some of its symptoms may be as follows.

  1. Chest pain
  2. Heart jitter
  3. Being tired
  4. Headache
  5. Fainting
  6. Dizziness
  7.  Caugh
  8. Exhalation when over moving or lying upright.
  9. Excess fluid accumulation in your lungs or pulmonary edema.
  10. Swelling of your ankles, feet and abdomen.
  11. Hearing abnormal sound when the doctor listens with a stethoscope.

Risk Factor

Risk-factor for valvular heart disease includes the following facts.

  1. Being old.
  2. Congenital heart disease.
  3. High cholesterol.
  4. High blood pressure.
  5. Diabetes.
  6. Having an infection affecting the heart.
  7. Have had other heart released disease.
  8. Have had a heart attack before.
  9. Drinking alcohol.
  10. To smoke.


For the prevention of valvular disease, it is an improvement to pay attention to the following points.

  1. Quit smoking.
  2. Stop or reduce alcohol consumption.
  3. Eat healthy and balanced diet.
  4. Reduce salt and fat intake.
  5. Maintain a healthy weight.
  6. Exercise regularly.
  7. Quickly prevent other cardiovascular disease.
  8. Control diabetes, high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol.